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iupac names

iupac names

Grade:12

2 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
10 years ago

Dear student,

A rational nomenclature system should do at least two things. First, it should indicate how the carbon atoms of a given compound are bonded together in a characteristic lattice of chains and rings. Second, it should identify and locate any functional groups present in the compound. Since hydrogen is such a common component of organic compounds, its amount and locations can be assumed from the tetravalency of carbon, and need not be specified in most cases.
The IUPAC nomenclature system is a set of logical rules devised and used by organic chemists to circumvent problems caused by arbitrary nomenclature. Knowing these rules and given a structural formula, one should be able to write a unique name for every distinct compound. Likewise, given a IUPAC name, one should be able to write a structural formula. In general, an IUPAC name will have three essential features:

 A root or base indicating a major chain or ring of carbon atoms found in the molecular structure.
 A suffix or other element(s) designating functional groups that may be present in the compound.
 Names of substituent groups, other than hydrogen, that complete the molecular structure.

Gurwinder Kaur
65 Points
10 years ago

http://dl.clackamas.edu/ch106-01/iupac.htm

open this link .. u will get ur answer..

plz approve if it is helpful...

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