what is organic chemistry

what is organic chemistry


2 Answers

45 Points
11 years ago

Organic chemistry is the study of carbon and the study of the chemistry of life. Since not all carbon reactions are organic, another way to look at organic chemistry would be to consider it the study of molecules containing the carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bond and their reactions.

Aravind Bommera
36 Points
11 years ago

Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline within chemistry involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.[1][2] Study of structure includes efforts using spectroscopy and other physical and chemical methods to determine the chemical composition and constitution of organic compounds and materials.[3] Study of properties includes both physical properties and chemical properties, and uses similar methods as well as methods to evaluate chemical reactivity, with the aim to understand the behavior of the organic matter in its pure form (when possible), but also in solutions, mixtures, and fabricated forms. The study of organic reactions includes both their preparation—by synthesis or by other means—as well as their subsequent reactivities, both in the laboratory and via theoretical (in silico) study.

The objects of study in organic chemistry include hydrocarbons, a fundamental class of organic compounds and organic materials containing only carbon and hydrogen atoms, as well as compounds and materials containing other elements, especially nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur and phosphorus (i.e., including almost all biochemicals), the halogens, chalcogens other than sulfur, other main group metalloids such as silicon and boron, and many alkali, alkaline earth, transition and post-transition metals as well.[4][5][6][7][8] As such, the field contains or overlaps considerably with medicinal and natural products chemistries, biochemistry and chemical biology, organometallic chemistry, and organic polymer chemistry and areas of organic nanotechnology.[9]

Organic compounds form the basis of all earthly life. They are structurally diverse. The range of application of organic compounds is enormous. They either form the basis of, or are important constituents of, many products including plastics, drugs, petrochemicals, food, explosive material, and paints.

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