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Differentiate between anionic and cationic polymerization

Differentiate between anionic and cationic polymerization

Grade:

1 Answers

Aman Bansal
592 Points
9 years ago

Dear Anumah,

As early as 1936, Karl Ziegler proposed that anionic polymerization of styrene and butadiene by consecutive addition of monomer to an alkyl lithium initiator occurred without chain transfer or termination. Twenty years later, living polymerization was demonstrated by Szwarc through the anionic polymerization of styrenein THF using sodium naphthalenide as celerator

Monomers for living cationic polymerization are electron-rich alkenes such as vinyl ethers, isobutylenestyrene, and N-vinylcarbazole. The initiators are binary systems consisting of a electrophile and a Lewis acid. The method was developed around 1980 with contributions from Higashimura, Sawamoto and Kennedy.

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