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IN THE NITRATION OF BENZENE, USING NITRATION MIXTURE AT 333K THE VALUE OF i ( VANTHOFF FACTOR) IS A)4 B)3 C)2 D)1


IN THE NITRATION OF BENZENE, USING NITRATION MIXTURE AT 333K THE


VALUE  


 


OF i ( VANTHOFF FACTOR) IS


 


A)4





B)3





C)2





D)1


Grade:12

1 Answers

Suraj Prasad IIT Patna
askIITians Faculty 286 Points
6 years ago
Similarly, if a fraction [\alpha] of [n] moles of solute associate to form one mole of an n-mer (dimer, trimer, etc.),

For the dimerisation of acetic acid in benzene

2CH3COOH [is in equilibrium with] (CH3COOH)2

2 moles of acetic acid associate to form 1 mole of dimer, so that

[i=1-(1-\frac{1}{2})\alpha = 1-\frac{\alpha}{2}]

So there will be 2 as vant hoff factor

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