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Does intramolecular hydrogen bonding has any effect on acidic nature of ortho nitro phenol?

Does intramolecular hydrogen bonding has any effect on acidic nature of ortho nitro phenol?

Grade:12

1 Answers

Swapnil Saxena
102 Points
11 years ago

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding stablilises the acid and as such results in decrease the acidity of the o-nitro phenol.

So in this way it is less acidic than para-nitro phenol despite of the fact that -I effect is more in ortho nitro phenol.

 

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