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Give some examples of Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution (Aromatic Compounds).

Give some examples of 


Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution (Aromatic Compounds). 









Grade:11

1 Answers

shashank Saxena
13 Points
12 years ago

 

 


Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution   (Aromatic compounds)

                                                                                                     Ar-H = aromatic compound
 1.  Nitration
    Ar-H    +    HNO3, H2SO4     Ar-NO  +   H2O


2.    Sulfonation
      Ar-H   +   H2SO4, SO3   →   Ar-SO3H   +   H2O


3.    Halogenation
    Ar-H   +   X2, Fe    Ar-X   +   HX


4.    Friedel-Crafts alkylation
    Ar-H   +   R-X, AlCl3    Ar-R   +   HX

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