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Simran Choudhary Grade: 11
        












Give the fractional distillation of Petroleum products?

9 years ago

Answers : (1)

askIITIians Expert
21 Points
										

Petroleum is refined by fractional distillation. Further fractional distillation of its products gives a no. of refined products given below.

 

S.No.

Fraction

Boiling range

Comp.

Uses

1.

Gaseous hydrocarbon

Below 20oC

C1–C4

Fuel for domestic use

2.

Petroleum ether

20–60oC

C5–C6

Solvent

3.

Benzene

70–90oC

C6–C7

Solvent

4.

Ligroin

80–120oC

C6–C8

Solvent

5.

Gasoline

70–120oC

C6–C11

Fuel for motors

6.

Kerosene

200–275oC

C12–C16

For lightening stoves, fuel, oil gas

7.

Gas oil or Diesel oil or Heavy oil

275oC to above

C15–C18

Diesel Engine oil, furnace oil

8.

Lubricant oil

Non volatile liquids

C16–C20

Lubricant

9.

Petroleum jellies

Non volatile liquids

C18–C22

Medicine preparation

10.

Parrafin wax

Non–volatile liquids

C18–C22

Wax industry

11.

Petroleum cake & asphalt

Non–volatile liquids

C30–C40

Carbon electrode, road manufacture

9 years ago
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