Guest

HOW THE ACIDIC STRENGTH OF DERIVATIVE OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS VARY . GIVE IN DETAIL

HOW THE ACIDIC STRENGTH OF DERIVATIVE OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS VARY . GIVE IN DETAIL

Grade:12

2 Answers

Vijay Luxmi Askiitiansexpert
357 Points
12 years ago

Please don't your questions twice..

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
12 years ago

Dear student,

The more powerful and the more the number of such substituents and the closer they are to the carboxyl group, the greater is the inductive effect.

The FCH2COOH > ClCH2COOH > Br CH2COOH > ICH2COOH > CH2COOH.

The electronegativity and thus the electron withdrawing power of the halogen substituent and thus the strength of the acid decreases in the given order.

CH3CCOOH > Cl2CHCOOH > ClCH2COOH > CH3COOH

The number of electron withdrawing chloro group and thus the acid strength decreases in this order.

CH3CH2CH(Cl)COOH > CH3CHCl CH2 COOH > ClCH2CH2CH2COOH > CH3CH2CH2 COOH

The inductive effect decreases rapidly with increasing distance from the carboxylic group and so does the acid strength.

 

Please feel free to ask your queries here. We are all IITians and here to help you in your IIT JEE preparation.

All the best.

Win exciting gifts by answering the questions on Discussion Forum. So help discuss any query on askiitians forum and become an Elite Expert League askiitian.

Now you score 5+15 POINTS by uploading your Pic and Downloading the Askiitians Toolbar  respectively : Click here to download the toolbar..

 

Askiitians Expert

Sagar Singh

B.Tech, IIT Delhi

Think You Can Provide A Better Answer ?