 # THE ELECTRIC FIELD E AT A POINT ASSOCIATED WITH A LIGHT WAVE ISE=100[SIN(3.14T INTO TEN POWER 15 )+SIN(6.28 TINTO TEN POWER 15 )]V/M .IF THIS LIGHT FALLS ON A METL OF WORK FUNCTION OF 2ev MAX. K.E. OF EMITTED ELECTRONS IS?

13 years ago

Hi

The electric field stores energy. The energy density of the electric field is given by $u = \frac{1}{2} \varepsilon |\mathbf{E}|^2$

where $\varepsilon$ is the permittivity of the medium in which the field exists $\mathbf{E}$ is the electric field vector.

The total energy stored in the electric field in a given volume V is therefore $\int_{V} \frac{1}{2} \varepsilon |\mathbf{E}|^2 \, \mathrm{d}V$

where

dV is the differential volume element

Energy associated with an electric field is 1/2ε0E2 . find the energy assosiated.

Then , apply the formula for photoelectric effect, i.e energy given = work fn + max K.E . Convert the respective units into ev.

Photoelectric effect

In effect quantitatively using Einstein's method, the following equivalent equations are used (valid for visible and ultraviolet radiation):

Energy of photon = Energy needed to remove an electron + Kinetic energy of the emitted electron

Algebraically: $hf = \phi + E_{k_\mathrm{max}}$

where

• h is Planck's constant,
• f is the frequency of the incident photon,
• φ = hf0 is the work function (sometimes denoted W instead), the minimum energy required to remove a delocalised electron from the surface of any given metal,
• $E_{k_\mathrm{max}} = \frac{1}{2} m v_m^2$ is the maximum kinetic energy of ejected electrons,
• f0 is the threshold frequency for the photoelectric effect to occur,
• m is the rest mass of the ejected electron, and
• vm is the speed of the ejected electron.