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Grade: 12

                        

Four thin uniform rods each of length L and mass m are joined to form a square. The moment of inertia of square about an axis along its one diagonal is- The answer is supposed to be 1/12ml^2. Why is the answer 2/3 ml^2?

3 years ago

Answers : (1)

Arun
24742 Points
							
We have to use the theorem of parallel axes: I = ICM +Ma2 where ICM is the the moment of inertia about an axis through the centre of mass of the rod and I is the moment of inertia about a parallel axis at distance a.
The moment of inertia of a thin rod of mass M and length L about an axis through the mid point of the rod and perpendicular to its length is ML2/12. The moment ofinertia of the rod about a parallel axis at a distance L/2 (which is the distance of the centre of the frame from each ro.is ML2/12 + (L/2)2 = ML2/3
You must remember that moment of inertia is a scalar quantity. Since there are four rods in the square frame, the moment of inertia of the entire frame is four times the moment of inertia of one rod. Therefore Moment of inertia of one part is (4/3ML2.
 
But diagonals are also mutually perpendicular.
Hence 
ID + ID = (4/3) ML^2
Hence I= (2/3) ML^2
3 years ago
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