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Consider four objects: (A), a solid sphere; (B), a spherical shell; (C), a solid disk; and (D), a metal hoop. All have the same mass and radius; all can be placed at the same point on the same inclined plane where they will roll without slipping to the bottom. The answer to the following questions might also be (E), all are the same. (a) Which object has the largest rotational inertia about its axis of symmetry? (b) If released from rest, which object will experience the largest net torque? (c) If released from rest, which object will experience the largest linear acceleration? (d) If allowed to roll down the incline, which object will have the largest speed at the bottom of the incline? (e) If allowed to roll down the incline, which object will reach the bottom of the incline in the shortest time?

5 years ago

Answers : (1)

Deepak Patra
askIITians Faculty
471 Points
							(a)
The correct option is (D) metal hoop.
The rotational inertia of the solid sphere of is given as:
233-2219_1.PNG
Here, m is the mass of the sphere, and r is its radius.
The rotational inertia of spherical shell about the diameter is given as:
233-520_1.PNG
Here, m is the mass of the sphere, and r is its radius.
The rotational inertia of solid disk about the cylindrical axis is given as:
233-802_1.PNG
Here, m is the mass of the disk, and r is its radius.
The rotational inertia of metal hoop about the cylindrical axis is given as:
233-2124_1.PNG
(b)
The correct option is (E).
The torque experienced by the sphere is due to the presence of friction force fk given as:
233-133_1.PNG
233-90_1.PNG
Therefore (E) is the correct option.
(c)
The correct option is (A) solid sphere.
The linear acceleration of the object can be calculated using relation

233-1982_1.PNG
From part (b), it has been concluded that the torque experienced by all the objects is the same, and since all objects have the same radius, one can deduce from equation 233-890_1.PNG that the linear acceleration of the object depends inversely on the rotational inertia of the object.
Therefore, the object with minimum rotational inertia will have the largest linear acceleration.
On comparing 233-2461_1.PNG , calculated in part (a), one can conclude that rotational inertia of solid sphere is smallest amongst all. Therefore, the solid sphere will experience largest linear acceleration and (A) is the correct option.
(d)
The correct option is (A) solid sphere.
Assume that the distance travelled by each object on inclined plane is d , and their initial velocity is vi . Given that each object is released from rest, one can ignore the term vi in the equation of motion.
Using third equation of motion, one can write

233-2306_1.PNG
Here, vf is the final velocity of the sphere, when it reaches the bottom of the inclined plane.
It can be seen from equation 233-1301_1.PNG, that the final speed of the object depends directly on the root of the linear acceleration ( being same for all objects). Therefore, the object moving with largest linear acceleration will have the largest linear speed at the bottom of the inclined plane.
From part (c), one has that the linear acceleration of solid sphere is largest. Therefore, the solid sphere will have the largest speed at the bottom of the inclined plane. Thus, (A) is the correct option and the rest are ruled out.
(e)
The correct option is (A) solid sphere.
The time taken to reach the bottom is given as:

233-2031_1.PNG
It can be seen from the equation above that the object will largest linear acceleration will reach down the inclined plane in shortest time. From part (c), it is clear that the largest linear acceleration is experienced by the solid sphere, and therefore it will reach down the inclined plane in shortest time.
Thus (A) is the correct option and the rest are ruled out.
5 years ago
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