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`        A train starts from rest and moves with a constant acceleration of 2m/s for half a min .the brakes are then applied and the train comes to rest in one min after applying breaks. Find the total distance moved by train ,maximum speed attained bt the train,position of the train at half the max.speed`
11 months ago

```							max speed = 2*30 = 60m/slet retardation is athen60 – a*60 = 0so a = 1m/stime when train at half the max speed30 = 2*tt = 15 secposition at time t = 15= ½*2*152 = 225 mtotal distance covered by traind = ( ½*2*302 ) + (60*60 – ½*1*602)d = (900) + (3600 – 1800) = 2700mHope it clears.
```
11 months ago
```							HELLO! Train starts from rest, hence the initial velocity u = 0.It moves with acceleration = 2m/s2 for half minute (30 seconds). Distance covered in this time interval is given by:S = ut + ½ at2= 0 + ½ x 2 x 30 x 30= 900m Velocity attained by this acceleration after 30 seconds:v = u + at=> v = 0 + 2 x 30=> v = 60 m/s From this velocity, brakes are applied and train comes to rest in 60 seconds. The retardation is given by: v = u – at=> 0 = 60 – a x 60=> a = 1 m/s2 Distance covered in this time:v2 = u2 + 2aS=> 0 = (60)2 + 2 (-1) S=> 0 = 3600 – 2S=> S = 3600/2 = 1800m. So, total distance moved = 900m + 1800m = 2700m.Maximum speed of the train = 60 m/s. Position of the train at half its maximum speed.Here, you need to note that first the train is accelerating to 60 m/s, and then it is decelerating to 0 m/s. So there are two positions when speed is 30 m/s. (I) When the train is accelerating with an acceleration of 2 m/s,time at which speed = 30m/s is:v = u + at=> 30 = 0 + 2 x t=> t = 15s At 15s, distance covered from origin is:S = ut + ½ at2= 0 + ½ x 2 x 15 x 15= 225m (II) When the train is retarding from 60 m/s to 0 m/s, at a retardation of 1 m/s2 ,  time at which the speed reaches 30 m/s is:v = u – at=> 30 = 60 – 1xt=> t = 30s At 30s, distance covered is:S = ut – ½ at2= 60 x 30 – ½ x 1 x (30)2= 1800 – (15 x 30)= 1800 – 450= 1350m (from the initial 900m covered). So, distance from origin = 900 + 1350m = 2250m. HENCE, THE TRAIN IS AT 225m and 2250m from its starting point, at half its maximum speed. Thanks!
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11 months ago
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