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A 52.3-kg uniform square sign, 1.93 m on a side, is hung from a 2.88-m rod of negligible mass. A cable is attached to the end of the rod and to a point on the wall 4.12 m above the point where the rod is fixed to the wall, as shown in Fig. (a) Find the tension in the cable. (b) Calculate the horizontal and vertical components of the force exerted by the wall on the rod.

A 52.3-kg uniform square sign, 1.93 m on a side, is hung from a 2.88-m rod of negligible mass. A cable is attached to the end of the rod and to a point on the wall 4.12 m above the point where the rod is fixed to the wall, as shown in Fig. (a) Find the tension in the cable. (b) Calculate the horizontal and vertical components of the force exerted by the wall on the rod.

Grade:10

2 Answers

Jitender Pal
askIITians Faculty 365 Points
6 years ago
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afia noor
15 Points
9 months ago
(a) Assume that each of the two support points for the square sign experience the same tension, equal to half of the weight of the sign. The net torque on the rod about an axis through the hinge is (52.3kg/2)(9.81m/s2)(0.95m)+(52.3kg/2)(9.81m/s2)(2.88m)−(2.88m)T sinθ = 0, where T is the tension in the cable and θ is the angle between the cable and the rod. The angle can be found from θ = arctan(4.12m/2.88m) = 55.0◦, so T = 416N. (b) There are two components to the tension, one which is vertical, (416N)sin(55.0◦) = 341N, and another which is horizontal, (416N)cos(55.0◦) = 239N. The horizontal force exerted by the wall must then be 239N. The net vertical force on the rod is F +(341N)−(52.3kg/2)(9.81m/s2) = 0, which has solution F = 172N as the vertical upward force of the wall on the rod.
 

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