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Grade: upto college level
        
A 136-kg crate is at rest on the floor. A worker attempts to push it across the floor by applying a 412-N force horizon- tally. (a) Take the coefficient of static friction between the crate and floor to be 0.37 and show that the crate does not move. (b) A second worker helps by pulling up on the crate. What minimum vertical force must this worker apply so that the crate starts to move across the floor? (c) If the second worker applies a horizontal rather than a vertical force, what minimum force, in addition to the original 412-N force, must be exerted to get the crate started?
 
5 years ago

Answers : (1)

Navjyot Kalra
askIITians Faculty
654 Points
							(a)
The magnitude of static force of friction is:

232-827_1.PNG
Here, m is the mass of the crate, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.
232-2035_1.PNG
Round off to three significant figures,
fs = 493 N
The magnitude of applied force by worker is F = 412 N , and is smaller than the static force of friction.
Therefore, the crate will not move.
(b)
Assume that force F1 is applied vertically by another worker, the magnitude of static force of friction would be
f’s = μsN’
It is important to note that the normal force in this case would be given as:
232-953_1.PNG
Here m is the mass of the crate, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.
232-229_1.PNG
The block will start to move when the magnitude of the applied force is equal to the magnitude of static force of friction, that is
232-1457_1.PNG
Round off to three significant figures,
F1 = 219 N
Therefore, the vertical force applied by the second worker is 219 N .

232-236_1.PNG
Therefore, a horizontal force of 81 N would be enough to put the crate in motion.
5 years ago
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