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how can we apply the law of conservation of linear momentum when forces of small magnitude are acting on a body?

how can we apply the law of conservation of linear momentum when forces of small magnitude are acting on a body?


1 Answers

Vikas TU
14149 Points
8 years ago

Law of conservation of linear momentum CAN BE APPLIED on any moving or stationary objects taken all as all a system, in which all the internal forces such as friction force, normal force etc. are cancelled out.

and the very important is that no external force should be applied on anty object, thus momentum is conserved.


Consider an example-when there happens a collision between moving train & bus , then nothing happens to train and bus gets totally crushed , why?

Also, when train halts at the station, then it takes some time to do that.

Conservation of Momentum

But it is not true for bus . Why? Because of high mass of train.

Thus, by seeing above examples we can say that heavier bodies (like train) takes some time to bring it''s velocity to zero when brakes are applied though train and bus are moving with the same velocity. Therefore,to describe the motion of body , not only velocity is considered but mass is also taken into account.

The total quantity of motion possessed by a moving body is known as the momentum of the body. It has both magnitude and direction and hence a vector is denoted by p.

magnitude of p=mv



In the absence of external forces , the total momentum of the body is conserved.

Example-when the bullet is fired , it moves in the forward direction and the gun kicks backward. It is because before firing total momentum of system constituted of barrel and gun is zero. When bullet is fired it gains some momentum(due to velocity acquired by it) but to nullify this momentum gain, gun moves in backward direction such that it has momentum equal in magnitude to momentum of bullet with opposite direction.



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