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iit jee Grade: Upto college level

plz explain : when we ride a bicycle ,what is the physics behind its balancing??????????????

7 years ago

Answers : (2)

Neer Varshney
76 Points

The physics behind the ride on bicycle is that the sine component of the weight of the cycle + sine component of our weight balances the normal reaction exerted by the ground and thats why we are able to ride a bicycle.

7 years ago
Aiswarya Ram Gupta
35 Points

Physics of bicycle balancing can be harnessed in minutes

Normal bicycle balancing is related to centripetal force

centripetal force  is the required amount of force towards the center of a circle to keep an object from veering off its circular path.

in the given figure,

Applying centripetal force to bike riding, physics books would say that a bicyclist has to tilt the bike X degrees off the vertical towards the center of the circle to create sufficient centripetal force to remain on the circle. This is usually discussed within the context of a bicyclist negotiating a curve on a path.

Value of X (how much to tilt or lean) is calculable from equation inside the circle (m is mass of bike and rider, g is acceleration due to gravity, v is the velocity of the bike, and R is radius of the circle).

If X is too large (i.e. rider tilts too much into the circle), centripetal force will be too much and the bike will start turning into a circle with radius smaller than R. If X is not large enough, there won't be sufficient force to keep the bike on the circle and the bike will veer off, turning in a circle with radius larger than R.

Counteracting centripetal force to keep bicycle in balance

What we are interested in is not what the value of X should be to keep a bike on the circle, but what we should do to reduce the value of X (i.e. reduce the tilt to bring the bicycle into upright position).

Balance equation in the circle tells us that to reduce X, the rider needs to create an opposite force larger than the existing value of the right hand side of the equation. This can be done by increasing v (velocity) in the numerator, reducing R (radius) in the denominator, or doing both.

Inevitability of crashing as well as staying in balance

From the balance equation we can infer that if R is not reduced quickly enough X will increase immediately, resulting in a crash. We can also infer that if R is always reduced enough immediately as the bike tilts from one side to the other, the bike will not crash. It is easily observed that when a rider is pedaling at a constant speed s/he keeps the bicycle in balance by continuously creating a counteracting force subtly with the handlebar as the brain senses in the background that the bike is starting to lean to one side or the other.



7 years ago
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