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please give a brief explaination about angular momentum?????????

please give a brief explaination about angular momentum?????????

Grade:12

1 Answers

AJIT AskiitiansExpert-IITD
68 Points
10 years ago

angular momentum, moment of momentum, or rotational momentum is a conserved vector quantity that can be used to describe the overall state of a physical system. The angular momentum L of a particle with respect to some point of origin is

\mathbf{L} = \mathbf{r} \times \mathbf{p} = \mathbf{r} \times m\mathbf{v}\, ,

where r is the particle's position from the origin, p = mv is its linear momentum, and × denotes the cross product.

The angular momentum of a system of particles (e.g. a rigid body) is the sum of angular momenta of the individual particles. For a rigid body rotating around an axis of symmetry (e.g. the fins of a ceiling fan), the angular momentum can be expressed as the product of the body's moment of inertia I (a measure of an object's resistance to changes in its rotation rate) and its angular velocity ω:

\mathbf{L} = I \boldsymbol{\omega} \, .

In this way, angular momentum is sometimes described as the rotational analog of linear momentum.

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