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Using the definition, prove that the function f : A→ B is invertible if and only if f is both oneone and onto.

 Using the definition, prove that the function f : A→ B is invertible if and only if f is both oneone and onto.

Grade:12

1 Answers

Harshit Singh
askIITians Faculty 5872 Points
5 months ago
Dear Student

Let us assume
f: A → B be many-one function.
Let’s assume
f(a) = p and f(b) = p
So, for inverse function we will have f^-1(p) = a and f^-1(p) = b
Thus, in this case inverse function is not defined as we have two images ‘a and b’ for one pre-image ‘p’.
But for f to be invertible it must be one-one.
Now, let f: A → B is not onto function.
Let B = {p, q, r} and range of f be {p, q}.
Here image ‘r’ has not any pre-image, which will have no image in set A.
And for f to be invertible it must be onto.
Hence, ‘f’ is invertible if and only if ‘f’ is both one-one and onto.

A function f = X → Yis invertible iff f is a bijective function.

Thanks

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