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Grade: 12

                        

Why is the ionisation energy of gold is more than copper although gold has large atomic size than copper ?

3 years ago

Answers : (1)

Arun
24737 Points
							Smaller size does not necessarily correlate with higher ionisation energy. The trends in 1st IE going across Period 2 offer a simple counterexample.A better (but not 100% foolproof) guideline is to use the orbital energies. The higher the energy of the orbital from which the electron is removed, the lower the IE.In the case of gold versus copper, the first ionisation corresponds to the removal of a 6s or 4s electron respectively. In gold, the 6s orbital is relativistically stabilised, leading to a larger than expected ionisation energy.
						
3 years ago
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