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Why is dil oxygen is a gas but sulphur is a solid?

Why is dil oxygen is a gas but sulphur is a solid?

Grade:12

1 Answers

PRAPULPODISHETTI
669 Points
5 years ago
Oxygen being smaller and highly electronegative forms pπ- pπ multiple bonds. So, it existsas O2 molecules which are held together by weak Vander Waals’ force. Thus oxygen exists as a gas at room temperature.Sulphur has less tendency to form pπ- pπ multiple bonds, moreover it has large atomic size, less electro negativity and forms strong S-S single bonds, that’s why it shows more catenationproperty and exists as S8molecules having puckered ring structure. Hence, sulphur is a solid at room temperature

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