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Grade: 12th pass
        
What is the order of thermal stability of the oxides, peroxide, superoxide of group 1 elements??
 
5 months ago

Answers : (2)

Arun
21606 Points
							

Know of a thumb rule. Larger cations stabilize larger anions.

So, as the thing goes, Lithium forms oxides(M2O) one oxygen balanced by two lithium atoms.

Sodium forms peroxides(M2O2) one Oxygen needs one sodium.

while Pottasium, Rubidium and Ceasium form superoxides(MO2). See, here two O atoms balanced by a single Metal atom.

5 months ago
Rajdeep
230 Points
							
 
HEY THERE!
 
Small cations like Lithium, has strong positive fields, so they typically combines with O2- (oxide ion), with a strong negative field, and hence the charge density gets reduced on the overall resulting molecule, and stable lithium monoxide is formed.
 
In case of sodium, it’s size is a little big, and hence it combines with O22- (peroxide ion) which has a comparatively lower charge density than that of oxide ion, and hence, stable sodium peroxide is formed.
 
In case of Potassium, and other alkali metals below Potassium, they form superoxides as they have the minium charge density (as their sizes are large).
 
Having huge charge densities, Li2O molecule is more stable than Na2O2, which is in turn more stable than KO2. And, more stable is a compound, more will be the heat required to break it, and hence more will be it’s thermal stability, so here is the thermal stability:
 
Li2O > Na2O2 > KO2
 
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4 months ago
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