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Grade: 12th pass


exlain hybridization of central atom in : B r F5 explain the compound

exlain hybridization of central atom in :BrF5

explain the compound

5 months ago

Answers : (2)

ankit singh
askIITians Faculty
614 Points

The hybridization of BrF5 can be determined by the number of lone pairs around iodine and the number of sigma bonds formed between Br and F. Since the central atom iodine has 7 valence electrons out of which 5 electrons form 5 sigma bonds with F atoms and and 2 electrons form 1 lone pair making the stearic number 6 which implies the hybridization of the central atom is sp3d2 (involving one 4s, three 4p and two 4d orbitals) where the geometry is octahedral and the shape is square pyramidal.

5 months ago
Shubharti Dixit
28 Points
 shortcut method for jee/neet or mht cet....It’s easy,BrF5 so 
step 1 : See how many number is attach to florine i.e 5 
step 2: Now you have to see to which group Br belongs to i.e 17th group(7 A ).
step 3: So we just have to substract 7-5 i.e 2 so we will get lone pair so as it is 2 electrons we can say it is having one lone pair.
step 4: 5+1= 6 i.e sp3d2 hybridization,square pyramidal because it has 5 atoms attach  and 1 lone pair.
formula used here :sum of attached atoms + lone pairs 
4 months ago
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