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which has highest second ionisation energy? a)Na b)Mg c)K d)Al and please tell hw?

which has highest second ionisation energy?


a)Na


b)Mg


c)K


d)Al


and please tell hw?

Grade:12

4 Answers

sushanth sai
21 Points
8 years ago

Na because it attains intert gas configuration after losing 1 electron . so as inert gases are more stable greater energy is required to remove the electron .. hope u find it useful . for more queries contact me at gogosush@gmail.com

Vikas TU
14149 Points
8 years ago

a) Na = Ne 3s1

b) Mg = Ne 3s2

c) K    = [Ar] 4s1

d) Al  =  [Ne] 3s2 3p1

 

Now to compare second ionisation energy the conf. will be

 

a) Na = Ne

b) Mg = Ne 3s1

c) K    = [Ar]

d) Al  =  [Ne] 3s2

 

Now Sodium and Aluminium has achieved its stable conf. i.e noble gas conf. or now are fully filled and thus more stable than Mg and Al.

Now in K and Na,

Na will have highest second ionisation energy. neon is maller than argon considering difficult to ionize or remove electrons from Neon as compare to Argon.

 

plz approve!

Roshan Mohanty
64 Points
8 years ago

electronic config of Na(+) is noble gas config. . so its very difficult to remove an electron so it will have very high 2nd ionisation enthalpy
in case of Mg(+) and Al(+) its not noble gas config so 2nd ionisation enthalphy will be realtively less

Now we have Na(+) and K(+)
As we know that the size of K(+) is more than that of Na(+) so ionisation enthalpy will be more for Na(+)

So 2nd ionisation enthalphy will be the highest for Na . 

Please approve 

vishal ojha
35 Points
8 years ago

its Na

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