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what is heat atomisatin

what is heat atomisatin

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srikrishna vanam
31 Points
9 years ago

heat atomisation is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). This is often represented by the symbol ΔatHo or ΔHato. All bonds in the compound are broken in atomization and none are formed, so enthalpies of atomization are always positive. The associated standard enthalpy is known as the Standard enthalpy of atomization, ΔatHo/(kJ mol−1), at 298.15 K (or 25 degrees celsius) and 101.3 kPa.

 

The enthalpy change of atomization of gaseous H2O is, for example, the sum of the HO–H and H–O bond Standard enthalpy change of dissociation (page does not exist). The enthalpy of atomization of an elemental solid is exactly the same as the enthalpy of sublimation for any elemental solid that becomes a monatomic gas upon evaporation.

When a diatomic element is converted to gaseous atoms, only half a mole of molecules will be needed, as the standard enthalpy change is based purely on the production of one mole of gaseous atoms.

Standard enthalpy of atomization is the enthalpy change when 1 mol of atoms in the gas phase is formed from its element in its defined physical state under standard conditions (298.15K, 1 atm).

TANAYRAJ SINGH CHOUHAN
65 Points
9 years ago

Heat of atomisation or enthalpy of atomisation is the energy required to dissociate one mole of a given substance into atoms.

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