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WHICH IS MORE ELECTRONEGATIVE ELEMENT? Cl OR N.

WHICH IS MORE ELECTRONEGATIVE ELEMENT?
Cl OR N.

Grade:12

2 Answers

Rahul Kumar
131 Points
10 years ago

Hi Saurav,

Nitrogen is more electronegative

Regards

samarth saxena
37 Points
10 years ago

electronegetivity of an element  depend on the oxidation state of the atoms, bonding situation and the amount of charge transferred to the bonding partner..

 

Nitrogen should be more electronegative, because:
1) NCl3 in H2O gives NH3 and HOCl, which proves that nitrogen is negatively charged because it attracts the positively charged hydrogen in H2O to form NH3 and chlorine combines with the negatively charged HO- radicals.
2) HNO3 is stronger that HClO3, though chlorine and nitrogen have the same oxidation state (+5)
pKa HNO3= -1.4
pKa HClO3= -1

3) According to Allen electronegativity scale, nitrogen has 3.07 and chlorine has 2.88

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