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Why nitrogen exists as N 2 while P exists as P 4 ? PLEASE REPLY SOON

Why nitrogen exists as N2while P exists as P4 ? PLEASE REPLY SOON

Grade:12

3 Answers

xyz xz
37 Points
10 years ago

because of empty 3d orbitals present in them it forms p4

ruchi yadav
askIITians Faculty 27 Points
7 years ago
Nitrogen has small size and high electronegativity so forms multiple p(pi)-p(pi) bonds. So it exists as N2 with triple bond between 2 N atoms. Phosphorus has large size and less electronegative so doesn't form multiple p(pi)-p(pi) bonds and so exists as P4 having single bonds between 2 P atoms.

Thank You
Ruchi
Askiitians Faculty
ruchi yadav
askIITians Faculty 27 Points
7 years ago
Nitrogen has small size and high electronegativity so forms multiple p(pi)-p(pi) bonds. So it exists as N2 with triple bond between 2 N atoms. Phosphorus has large size and less electronegative so doesn't form multiple p(pi)-p(pi) bonds and so exists as P4 having single bonds between 2 P atom.


Thank You
Ruchi
Askiitians Faculty

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