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Grade: Upto college level
        inorganic and organic compouds
10 years ago

Answers : (1)

Askiitian.Expert Rajat
24 Points
							

Hi,

An organic compound is any member of a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon and hydrogen; therefore, carbides, carbonates, carbon oxides and elementary carbon are not organic. The study of organic compounds is termed organic chemistry, and since it is a vast collection of chemicals (over half of all known chemical compounds), systems have been devised to classify organic compounds. A few of the compound classes based on the functional groups they carry are as follows:

Acid anhydrides
Acyl halides
Alcohols
Aldehydes
Alkanes
Alkenes
Amides
Amines
Aromatics
Azo compounds
Carboxylic acids
Esters
Ethers
Haloalkanes
Imines
Ketones
Nitriles
Nitro compounds
Organometallic compounds
Phenols
Polymers, including all plastics
Thiols

Many organic compounds are also of prime importance in biochemistry:

Antigens
Polysaccharides, carbohydrates and sugars
Enzymes
Hormones
Lipids and fatty acids
Neurotransmitters
Nucleic acids
Proteins, peptides and amino acids
Vitamins


An inorganic compound is a chemical compound that is not an organic compound. Inorganic compounds come principally from mineral sources of non-biological origin. The modern definition of inorganic compounds often includes all metal-containing compounds, even those found in living systems. Although most carbon compounds are classed as organic, cyanide salts, carbon oxides and carbonates are usually considered to be inorganic.

Major branches of inorganic compound groups include:

Minerals, such as salt, asbestos, silicates, ...
Metals and their alloys, like iron, copper, aluminium, brass, bronze, ...
Compounds involving non-metallic elements, like silicon, phosphorus, chlorine, oxygen, for example water
Metal complexes

 

Regards,

Rajat

Askiitians Expert

10 years ago
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