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on what basis have d-orbitals been given name as dxy or dyz or dxz or dx2-y2 or dz2. Is there any relation between the names given and the shapes viz. double dumble or baby soother?????

on what basis have d-orbitals been given name as dxy or dyz or dxz or dx2-y2 or dz2. Is there any relation between the names given and the shapes viz. double dumble or baby soother?????

Grade:11

2 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
10 years ago

Dear deeksha,

(i) The three orbitals dxy, dyz, and dzx are similar and each consists of four lobes of high electron density lying in xy, yz and zx planes respectively. These lobes lie in between the principal axes. For e.g., in case of dxy orbital, the four lobes lie in xy plane in between the x and y-axes.

(ii) The dx2- y2 orbital has also four lobes of high electron density along the principal axes x and y. It may be noted that this orbital is exactly like dxy orbital except that it is rotated through 45o around the z-axis.

(iii) The dz2 orbital consists of two lobes along the z-axis with ring of high electron density in the xy plane.

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gOlU g3n|[0]uS
42 Points
10 years ago

 

HI , deeksha yes dxy,dyz,dzx is related 2 fig. xy in XY-plane ...and dx2-y2   is on X and Y plane thats y it is square.and so onn...

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