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Grade: 11
        

Please explain the work done by a variable force. Please attach a video for the same if possible.

7 months ago

Answers : (1)

Vikas TU
10600 Points
							
Dear student 
A force is said to perform work on a system if there is displacement in the system upon application of the force in the direction of the force. The work done by a constant force of magnitude F, as we know, that displaces an object by Δx can be given as,
W = F.Δx
In case of a variable force, the is calculated with the help of integration. For example, in the case of a spring, the force acting upon any object attached to a horizontal spring can be given as
Fs = -kx, where k is the spring constant and x is the displacement of the object attached.
We can see that this force is proportional to the displacement of the object from the equilibrium position, hence the force acting at each instant during the compression and extension of the spring will be different. Thus, the infinitesimally small contributions of work done during each instant are to be counted in order to calculate the total work done.
The integral is evaluated as,
Ws = Integral (F(x).dx)
7 months ago
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