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Grade: 12

                        

Explain the principle ,construction and working of moving-coil galvanometer by drawing diagram.

2 months ago

Answers : (1)

RISHIKA
549 Points
							
hi friend,

A galvanometer is an electromechanical instrument which is used for the detection of electric currents through electric circuits. It is a sensitive instrument and cannot be used for the measurement of heavy currents. It works on the principle of conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy when a current flows in a magnetic field it experiences a magnetic torque and thus rotates through an angle proportional to the current flowing through it.

By making uniform radial magnetic field magnetic field lines are perpendicular to the magnetic moment of a galvanometer.

Soft Iron core makes the electromechanical field as radial which also increase the magnetic field.

Current Sensitivity- It is deflection produced per unit current flowing in the galvanometer.

Voltage Sensitivity- It is the minimum change in a voltage that produces an observable change in the indication or output of galvanometer.

Since Voltage sensitivity decreases with increase in resistance of the coil and the effect of an increase in the number of turns is nullified in case of voltage sensitivity so there is no change of voltage sensitivity, whenever there is a change in current sensitivity.

 
thank u 
 and please approve my answer.
2 months ago
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