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A copper wire of length 2.2 m and a steel wire of length 1.6 m, both of diameter 3.0 mm, are connected end to end. When stretched by a load, the net elongation is found to be 0.70 mm. Obtain the load applied.

A copper wire of length 2.2 m and a steel wire of length 1.6 m, both of diameter 3.0 mm, are connected end to end. When stretched by a load, the net elongation is found to be 0.70 mm. Obtain the load applied.

Grade:11

1 Answers

Raushan
20 Points
3 years ago
The copper and steel wires are under a tensile stress because they have the same tension (equal to the load W) and the same area of cross-section A.Stress = strain × Young’s modulus. ThereforeW/A = Yc × (ΔLc/Lc) = Ys × (ΔLs/Ls) whereThe subscripts c and s refer to copper and stainless steel respectively. Or,ΔLc /ΔLs = (Ys/Yc) × (Lc /Ls)Given Lc = 2.2 m, Ls = 1.6 m, Yc = 1.1 × 1011 Nm–2, and Ys = 2.0 × 1011 Nm–2.ΔLc/ΔLs = (2.0 × 1011/1.1 × 1011) × (2.2/1.6) = 2.5.The total elongation is given to beΔLc + ΔLs = 7.0 × 10-4 mSolving the above equations,ΔLc = 5.0 × 10-4 m, and ΔLs = 2.0 × 10-4 m.ThereforeW = (A × Yc × ΔLc)/Lc= π (1.5 × 10-3)2 × [(5.0 × 10-4 × 1.1 × 1011)/2.2]= 1.8 × 102 N

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