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For the structural analysis of crystals X-ray are used because A. X-rays have wavelength of the order of the inter-atomic spacing B. X-rays are highly penetrating radiation C. wavelength of X-rays is of order of nuclear size D. X-rays are coherent radiation

For the structural analysis of crystals X-ray are used because
A. X-rays have wavelength of the order of the inter-atomic spacing
B. X-rays are highly penetrating radiation
C. wavelength of X-rays is of order of nuclear size
D. X-rays are coherent radiation

Grade:Upto college level

2 Answers

Saurabh Koranglekar
askIITians Faculty 10341 Points
one year ago
Crystals are regular arrays of atoms, and X-rays can be considered waves of electromagnetic radiation. ... X-rays are used to produce the diffraction pattern because their wavelength λ is typically the same order of magnitude (1–100 angstroms) as the spacing d between planes in the crystal.

Vikas TU
14149 Points
one year ago
X-ray diffraction, a phenomenon in which the atoms of a crystal, by virtue of their uniform spacing, cause an interference pattern of the waves present in an incident beam of X rays. The atomic planes of the crystal act on the X rays in exactly the same manner as does a uniformly ruled grating on a beam of light.

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