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A liquid was mixed with ethanol and a drop of concentrated H2SO4 was added. A compound with a fruity smell was formed. The liquid was ?

A liquid was mixed with ethanol and a drop of concentrated H2SO4 was added. A compound with a fruity smell was formed. The liquid was ?

Grade:11

2 Answers

Arun
25757 Points
2 years ago

As we learnt in

Esterification of carboxylic acid -

⇒ Carboxylic acid with alcohols or phenols forms esters in the presence of catalyst H2SO4 / HCl

⇒  It's a kind of nucleophilic acyl substitution.

⇒  Involves cleavage of C - OH bond.

- wherein

RCOOH+R`OH\rightleftharpoons RCOOR`+H_{2}O

 

 Fruity smell is due to ester formation which is formed between ethanol and acid.

CH_{3}COOH+C_{2}H_{5}OH\overset{conc. \: H_{2}SO_{4}}{\rightarrow}CH_{3}COOC_{2}H_{5}+H_{2}O

Vikas TU
14149 Points
2 years ago
Fruity smell is the characteristic propety of ester, than the above reaction leads to the formation of ester.

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