# A bob of mass m , suspended by a string of length l1 is given a minimum velocity required to complete a full circle in the vertical plane. At the highest point, it collides elastically with another bob of mass m suspended by a string of length l2, which is initially at rest. Both the strings are mass-less and inextensible. If the second bob, after collision acquires the minimum speed required to complete a full circle in the vertical plane, the ratio l1/l2 is ?

Saurabh Koranglekar
4 years ago
Vikas TU
14149 Points
4 years ago
For a bob at the top position in the circle, the forces are centripetal force, weight and tension.
T = m v² / r - m g   --- (1)
String remains tight if  T > 0.  Hence,  v² >= r g     --- (2)
Let velocity given to the bob at its lowest position in the circle = u.
1/2 m u² = 1/2  m v² + m g (2 r)
=> u² = v² + 4 g r
=> u >= √(5 rg)        --- (3)    using (2)
Now for the Top bob tied to string of radius L2:
Velocity given at it lowest position =  v2 >= √(5 L2 g)    -- (4)
The collision of two bobs of the same mass m is elastic, and the bob tied to string of length L2, was at rest before collision, we apply conservation of linear momentum and energy. We get
v1 = v2 >= √(5 L2 g)    --- (5)
Velocity of bob tied to string of length L1 is same as that of the other bob after collision. Then after collision, the first bob's velocity is 0.
Let the velocity of first bob at its lowest position = v0.  Apply conservation of energy:
1/2 m v0² = 1/2 m v1² + m g (2 L1)
vo² = v1² + 4 g L1
= 5 g L2 + 4 g L1   --- (6)
As the first bob was given just enough velocity v0 at its lower position to make a full circle,
v0² >= 5 L1 g     using (3)
= 5 g L2 + 4 g L1           from (6)
Solve these two to get   ans.
Hence,  L1/ L2 = 5