# Define electric dipole and electric dipole moment ?

aman
13 Points
6 years ago
electric dipole is a system of two equal and opposite charges placed at a distance Electric dipole moment is defined as the product of the charge with distance separating them P=q×l
Sanju
106 Points
6 years ago
Electric dipole is a pair of 2 objects with equal and opposite charge seperated by a finite distance.
For example, if we have 2 charges say, +Q & -Q (of equal & opposite charge) seperated by a distance ‘r’ , it is said to be an electric dipole. (See figure below)

+Q ----------------------------------------------------------- -Q
r

Electric dipole moment is equal to the maginuted of the charge multiplied by the distance between the charges.
It is denoted using the letter ‘p’.
Electric dipole moment, p = Q * r
Electric dipole moment is a vector quantity. That is, it has both magnitude and direction.
The direction is taken from negative charge to positive charge.
Koushik
20 Points
6 years ago
ELECTRIC DIPOLE: It is the seperation of positive and negative charges generally by a distance of 2a.    DIPOLE MOMENT:It is measure of the separation of positive and negative electrical charges within a system, that is, a measure of the system's overall polarity.
ranjith
19 Points
6 years ago
ELECTRIC DIPOLE MOMENT
It is a vector quqntity whose magnitude is equal to product of magnitude of either charge & the distance between them