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a metal sphere is placed in a uniform electric field E.i then dv/dx is uniform inside n non uniform outside why non uniform outside???

a metal sphere is placed in a uniform electric field E.i then dv/dx is uniform inside n non uniform outside


why non uniform outside???

Grade:12

1 Answers

AKASH GOYAL AskiitiansExpert-IITD
419 Points
10 years ago

Dear Saurabh

Because inside any metallic object Electric field is zero. and E=-dv/dx=0

V is not changing with distance inside the metal sphere.

outside E is inversely proportioal to r2 and hence not zero and V will vary as 1/r hence non uniform.

 

All the best.                                                           

AKASH GOYAL

AskiitiansExpert-IIT Delhi

 

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