what is emf?

what is emf?


1 Answers

Suraj Prasad IIT Patna
askIITians Faculty 286 Points
9 years ago
Electromotive force, also called emf is the voltage developed by any source of electrical energy such as a battery or dynamo.

The word "force" in this case is not used to mean mechanical force, measured in newtons, but a potential, or energy per unit of charge, measured in volts.

In electromagnetic induction, emf can be defined around a closed loop as the electromagnetic work that would be transferred to a unit of charge if it travels once around that loop. (While the charge travels around the loop, it can simultaneously lose the energy via resistance into thermal energy.) For a time-varying magnetic flux impinging a loop, the electric potential scalar field is not defined due to circulating electric vector field, but nevertheless an emf does work that can be measured as a virtual electric potential around that loop.

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