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Two ideal gases have the same value of Cp/Cv = γ. What will be the value of this ratio for a mixture of the two gases in the ratio 1 : 2?

Two ideal gases have the same value of Cp/Cv = γ. What will be the value of this ratio for a mixture of the two gases in the ratio 1 : 2?

Grade:11

2 Answers

Aditi Chauhan
askIITians Faculty 396 Points
6 years ago
Sol. Considering two gases, in Gas(1) we have, γ, Cp1 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘P’), Cv base 1 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘V’), n base 1 (No. of moles) Cp base 1/Cv base 1 = γ & Cp base 1 - Cv base 1 = R ⇒ γCv base 1 - Cv base 1 = R ⇒ Cv base 1 (γ - 1) = R ⇒ Cv base 1 = R/γ – 1 & Cp base 1 = γR/γ - 1 In Gas(2) we have, γ, Cp2 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘P’), Cv base 2 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘V’), n base 2 (No. of moles) Cp base 2/Cv base 2 = γ & Cp base 2 - Cv base 2 = R ⇒ γCv base 2 - Cv base 2 = R ⇒ Cv base 2 (γ - 1) = R ⇒ Cv base 2 = R/γ – 1 & Cp base 2 = γR/γ – 1 Given n base 1 : n base 2 = 1 :2 dU base 1 = nCv base 1 dT & dU base 2 = 2nCv base 2 dT = 3nCvdT ⇒ Cv = Cv base 1 + 2Cv base 2/3 = R/γ – 1 + 2R/γ – 1/3 = 3R/3(γ – 1) = R/γ – 1 …(1) &Cp = γCv = γr/γ – 1 …(2) So, Cp/Cv = γ [from (1) & (2)]
Jitender Pal
askIITians Faculty 365 Points
6 years ago
Sol. . Considering two gases, in Gas(1) we have, γ, Cp1 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘P’), Cv base 1 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘V’), n base 1 (No. of moles) Cp base 1/Cv base 1 = γ & Cp base 1 - Cv base 1 = R ⇒ γCv base 1 - Cv base 1 = R ⇒ Cv base 1 (γ - 1) = R ⇒ Cv base 1 = R/γ – 1 & Cp base 1 = γR/γ - 1 In Gas(2) we have, γ, Cp2 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘P’), Cv base 2 (Sp. Heat at const. ‘V’), n base 2 (No. of moles) Cp base 2/Cv base 2 = γ & Cp base 2 - Cv base 2 = R ⇒ γCv base 2 - Cv base 2 = R ⇒ Cv base 2 (γ - 1) = R ⇒ Cv base 2 = R/γ – 1 & Cp base 2 = γR/γ – 1 Given n base 1 : n base 2 = 1 :2 dU base 1 = nCv base 1 dT & dU base 2 = 2nCv base 2 dT = 3nCvdT ⇒ Cv = Cv base 1 + 2Cv base 2/3 = R/γ – 1 + 2R/γ – 1/3 = 3R/3(γ – 1) = R/γ – 1 …(1)k &Cp = γCv = γr/γ – 1 …(2) So, Cp/Cv = γ [from (1) & (2)]

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