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A capacitor of capacitance C is connected to a battery of emf ℰ at t = 0 through a resistance R. Find the maximum rate at which energy is stored in the capacitor. When does the rate has this maximum value?

A capacitor of capacitance C is connected to a battery of emf ℰ at t = 0 through a resistance R. Find the maximum rate at which energy is stored in the capacitor. When does the rate has this maximum value?

Grade:11

1 Answers

Kevin Nash
askIITians Faculty 332 Points
6 years ago
Sol. let at any time t, q = EC (1 – e^-t/CR) E = Energy stored = q^2/2c = E^2C^2/2c (1 – e^-t/CR)^2 = E^2C/2 (1 – e^-t/CR)^2 R = rate of energy stored = dE/dt = -E^2C/2 (-1/RC)^2 (1 – e^-t/RC)e^-t/RC = E^2/CR . e^-t/RC (1 – e^-t/CR) dR/dt = E^2/2R [-1/RC e^-t/CR . (1 – e^-t/CR)+(-) . e^-t/CR(1-/ RC) . e^-t/CR] E^2/2R = (-e^-t/CR/RC + e^-2t/CR/RC + 1/RC. E^-2t/CR) = E^2/2R(2/RC . e^-2t/CR – e^-t/CR/RC) ….(1) For R base max dR/dt = 0 ⇒ 2.e^-t/RC -1 = 0 ⇒ e^-t/CR = ½ ⇒ -t/RC = -In^2 ⇒ t = RC In 2 ∴ Putting t = RC In 2 in equation (1) We get dR/dt = E^2/4R .

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