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A capacitor having a capacitance of 100 μF is charged to a potential difference of 50 V. (a) What is the magnitude of the charge on each plate? (b) The charging battery is disconnected and a dielectric of dielectric constant 2.5 is inserted. Calculate the new potential difference between the plates. (c) What charge would have produced this potential difference in absence of the dielectric slab. (d) Find the charge induced at a surface of the dielectric slab.

A capacitor having a capacitance of 100 μF is charged to a potential difference of 50 V. (a) What is the magnitude of the charge on each plate? (b) The charging battery is disconnected and a dielectric of dielectric constant 2.5 is inserted. Calculate the new potential difference between the plates. (c) What charge would have produced this potential difference in absence of the dielectric slab. (d) Find the charge induced at a surface of the dielectric slab.

Grade:10

1 Answers

Deepak Patra
askIITians Faculty 471 Points
8 years ago
Sol. Capacitance = 100 μF = 10^–4 F P.d = 30 V (a) q = CV = 10^–4 × 50 = 5 × 10^–3 c = 5 mc Dielectric constant = 2.5 (b) New C = C’ = 2.5 × C = 2.5 × 10^–4 F New p.d = q/c^1 [∴ ‘q’ re,aoms sa,e after disconnection of battery] = 5 * 10^-3/2.5 * 10^-4 = 20 V (c) In the absence of the dielectric slab, the charge that must have produced C × V = 10^–4 × 20 = 2 × 10^–3 c = 2 mc (d) Charge induced at a surface of the dielectric slab = q (1 –1/k) (where k = dielectric constant, q = charge of plate) = 5 × 10^-3 (1- ½.5) 5 * 10^-3 * 3/5 = 3 * 10^-3 = 3 mc.

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