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A capacitor having a capacitance of 100 μF is charged to a potential difference of 24 V. The charging battery is disconnected and the capacitor is connected to another battery of emf 12V with the positive plate of the capacitor joined with the positive terminal of the battery. (a) Find the charges on the capacitor before and after the reconnection. (b) Find the charge flown through the 12 V battery. (c) Is work done by the battery or is it done on the battery? Find its magnitude. (d) Find the decrease in electrostatic field energy. (e) Find the heat developed during the flow of charge after reconnection.

A capacitor having a capacitance of 100 μF is charged to a potential difference of 24 V. The charging battery is disconnected and the capacitor is connected to another battery of emf 12V with the positive plate of the capacitor joined with the positive terminal of the battery. (a) Find the charges on the capacitor before and after the reconnection. (b) Find the charge flown through the 12 V battery. (c) Is work done by the battery or is it done on the battery? Find its magnitude. (d) Find the decrease in electrostatic field energy. (e) Find the heat developed during the flow of charge after reconnection.

Grade:11

1 Answers

Jitender Pal
askIITians Faculty 365 Points
6 years ago
Sol. (a) Before reconnection C = 100 μf V = 24 V q = CV = 2400 μc (Before reconnection) After connection When C = 100 μf V = 12 V q = CV = 1200 μc (After connection) (b) C = 100, V = 12 V ∴ q = CV = 1200 v (c) We know V = W/q W = vq = 12 × 1200 = 14400 J = 14.4 mJ The work done on the battery. (d) Initial electrostatic field energy Ui = (1/2) CV base 1^2 Final Electrostatic field energy Uf = (1/2) CV base 2^2 ∴Decrease in Electrostatic Field energy = (1/2) CV base 1^2 – (1/2) CV base 2^2 = (1/2) C(V base 1^2 – V base 2^2) = (1/2) × 100(576 –144) = 21600J ∴ Energy = 21600 j = 21.6 mJ (e)After reconnection C = 100 μc, V = 12 v ∴ The energy appeared = (1/2) CV^2 = (1/2) × 100 × 144 = 7200 J = 7.2 mJ This amount of energy is developed as heat when the charge flow through the capacitor.

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