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In the circuit given in the figure the initial value of current through the battery on closing the circuit(i.e. K is pressed) is ans: 0.3 A can you please explain how?

In the circuit given in the figure the initial value of current through the battery on closing the circuit(i.e. K is pressed) is


ans: 0.3 A


can you please explain how?


832_21201_physics doubt.JPG

Grade:11

1 Answers

Askiitians Expert Soumyajit IIT-Kharagpur
28 Points
10 years ago

Dear Siddharth,

Ans:- I think your ans is wrong why Let me explain

Let the current in the inductor is i1 and through the parallel resistor is i2

Then from kirchoff,s laws we get

10(i1+i2)+10(i1+i2)+10 i2=6..............(1)

L di1/dt =10i2

or 5 di1/dt=10i2...............(2)

Solving these two eq we get

3/5=2i1+3/2di1/dt

integrating from i1 varying from 0 to i1 we get the current through the inductance is

i1=0.3(1-exp-4t/3)

hence initially at t=0, i1=0 i.e no current flows through the inductance

So, from eq (1) we get i2=0.2 amp

Hence the current through the battery is = 0.2 amp (ans)

 

 

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Regards,

Askiitians Experts

SOUMYAJIT IIT_KHARAGPUR

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