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Why current flow from higher potential to lower potenti

Why current flow from higher potential to lower potenti

Grade:10

1 Answers

Bhavya
askIITians Faculty 1281 Points
5 years ago
Electrons can move by the action of the electric force, or the magnetic force. In the case of the electric field, it is established, by covenio, that regions around the positive charges are considered high potential, and regions around the negative charges, low potential.
In a battery, the chemical process separates the positive and negative charges so that a concentration of positive charges on the positive pole and a concentration of negative charges in the negative occurs. When the battery is connected to a circuit, an electric field is created inside the wires and electrons (the only ones that can move in metals) are repelled from the negative pole (region of low potential) and attracted by the positive (region of high potential).

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