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in r.c circuits if the circuit consists of so many resistors and capacitors how does current flow at t=o t=steady state, t=infinite plz reply

in r.c circuits if the circuit consists of so many resistors and capacitors how does current flow at t=o t=steady state, t=infinite plz reply

Grade:11

2 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
9 years ago

Dear student,

Circuits with resistors and batteries have time-independent solutions: the current doesn't change as time goes by. Adding one or more capacitors changes this. The solution is then time-dependent: the current is a function of time.

Consider a series RC circuit with a battery, resistor, and capacitor in series. The capacitor is initially uncharged, but starts to charge when the switch is closed. Initially the potential difference across the resistor is the battery emf, but that steadily drops (as does the current) as the potential difference across the capacitor increases.

Applying Kirchoff's loop rule:

e - IR - Q/C = 0

As Q increases I decreases, but Q changes because there is a current I. As the current decreases Q changes more slowly.

I = dQ/dt, so the equation can be written:

e - R (dQ/dt) - Q/C = 0

This is a differential equation that can be solved for Q as a function of time. The solution (derived in the text) is:

Q(t) = Qo [ 1 - e-t/t ]

where Qo = C e and the time constant t = RC.

Differentiating this expression to get the current as a function of time gives:

I(t) = (Qo/RC) e-t/t = Io e-t/t

charitha .bvs
14 Points
9 years ago

sir,if the circuit consists of resister and capacitor in parallel connected to the battery of emf ,now current coming from battery  splits andgoes to resistor and capacitor or not ???

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