INDUSTRIALIZATION, A potential damage to man. Discuss in detail.

INDUSTRIALIZATION, A potential damage to man. Discuss in detail.


1 Answers

Raheema Javed
156 Points
9 years ago
The exploitation of natural resources started to emerge in the 19th century as natural resource extraction developed. During the 20th century, energy consumption rapidly increased. Today, about 80% of the world’s energy consumption is sustained by the extraction of fossil fuels, which consists of oil, coal and gas. Another non-renewable resource that is exploited by humans are Subsoil minerals such as precious metals that are mainly used in the production of industrial commodities. Intensive agriculture is an example of a mode of production that hinders many aspects of the natural environment, for example the degradation of forests in a terrestrial ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic ecosystem. As the world population rises and economic growth occurs, the depletion of natural resources influenced by the unsustainable extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing concern.
The resources are under pressure because of:
  1. Increse in the sophistication of technology enabling natural resources to be extracted quickly and efficiently. E.g., in the past, it could take long hours just to cut down one tree only using saws. Due to increased technology, rates of deforestation have greatly increased.
  2. A rapid increase in population that is now decreasing. The current number of 7.132 billion humans consume many natural resources.
  3. Cultures of consumerism. Materialistic views lead to the mining of gold and diamonds to produce jewelry, unnecessary commodities for human life or advancement.
  4. Excessive demand often leads to conflicts due to intense competition.
  5. Non-equitable distribution of resources.
The problems arising from the exploitation of natural resources are deforestation, desertification, extinction of species, soil erosion, ozone depletion, green house gas increase, water pollution, natural disasters etc.
The family structure changes with industrialisation. In pre-industrial societies there is an extended family structure spanning many generations who probably remained in the same location for generations. In industrialised societies the nuclear family, consisting of only parents and their growing children, predominates. Families and children reaching adulthood are more mobile and tend to relocate to where jobs exist. Extended family bonds become more tenuous.

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