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Form the differential equation of the family of circles having a centre on y-axis and radius 3 units.

Form the differential equation of the family of circles having a centre on y-axis and radius 3 units.

Grade:12

1 Answers

SJ
askIITians Faculty 97 Points
9 months ago
Welcome to Askiitians

According to the given condition,

dy/dx = y/x – cos2(y/x) ………….(i)

This is a homogeneous differential equation.

Substituting y = vx in (i),

v + (x) dv/dx = v – cos2v

⇒ (x)dv/dx = – cos2v

⇒ sec2v dv = – dx/x

By integrating on both the sides,

⇒ ∫sec2v dv = – ∫dx/x

⇒ tan v = – log x + c

⇒ tan (y/x) + log x = c ……….(ii)

Substituting x = 1 and y = π/4,

⇒ tan (π/4) + log 1 = c

⇒ 1 + 0 = c

⇒ c = 1

Substituting c = 1 in (ii),

tan (y/x) + log x = 1

Thanks

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