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If f(x)=x 3 +3x 2 +12x-2sinx,where f is a function from R to R,then 1.f(x) is many-one and onto 2.f(x) is one-one and onto 3.f(x) is one-one and into 4.f(x) is many-one and into

If f(x)=x3+3x2+12x-2sinx,where f is a function from R to R,then


1.f(x) is many-one and onto


2.f(x) is one-one and onto


3.f(x) is one-one and into


4.f(x) is many-one and into

Grade:12th Pass

2 Answers

Rahul Saxena
14 Points
9 years ago

f(x) is many one and onto

Ashwin Muralidharan IIT Madras
290 Points
9 years ago

Hi Meanks,

 

Solving this question, we would take the Differential Calculus approach.

 

Let y = f(x)

Then we have dy/dx = 3x^2 + 6x + 12 - 2cosx

Now, take a look at 3x^2 + 6x + 12, the minimum value of which is 9, when x = -1. And hence dy/dx is always positive (since cosx can take max value of 1, so dy/dx should always be positive)

Which will tell us that y = f(x) is an increasing function in its entire Domain R.

Which would give us that f is one-one function (as continuously increasing functions are always one-one because a line drawn parallel to the y-axis can intersect the graph in only one point)

 

Next also clearly f(x) is continuos, and also f(x) would tend to infinity when x tends to infinity, and f(x) would tend to -infinity when x tends to -infinity.

So the graph would be something like this:

And so f(x) is both one-one and onto. Which is option (2).

 

Hope that hepls,

 

All the best,

Regards,

Ashwin (IIT Madras)

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