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what is derivation of L hospital rule

what is derivation of L hospital rule

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1 Answers

SAGAR SINGH - IIT DELHI
879 Points
10 years ago

Dear vikash,

Let lim stand for the limit lim_(x->c), lim_(x->c^-), lim_(x->c^+), lim_(x->infty), or lim_(x->-infty), and suppose that lim f(x) and lim g(x) are both zero or are both +/-infty. If

 lim(f^'(x))/(g^'(x))

has a finite value or if the limit is +/-infty, then

 lim(f(x))/(g(x))=lim(f^'(x))/(g^'(x)).

Historically, this result first appeared in l'Hospital's 1696 treatise, which was the first textbook on differential calculas. 

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Sagar Singh

B.Tech IIT Delhi

Comes as a direct consequence of the Mean Value theorem. Useful for
computing limits of the formf(x)
g(x)wheref(x),g(x) 0. Connected to
limxa
f?(x)
g?(x). Assumef (a) =g(a) = 0, and you want to compute limxa
f(x)
g(x).

Use the mean value theorem to try to approximate the function. Asx ap- proachesa,f (x) should be approximatelyf (a) +f?(y)(x a). Using the mean value theorem, we know such ay exists, sof (x) =f (a) +f?(y)(x a) for somea < y < x. Likewise,g(x) =g(a) +g?(z)(x a) for somea < z < x. So

f(x)
g(x)=f?(y)(x a)
g?(z)(x a)=f?(y)
g?(z)f?(x)
f?(y)
sincey andz approachx asx approachesa. Keep this idea in mind for the
proof.
2 Proof
Theorem (generalized mean value theorem): letf, g be continuous on [a, b],
and di?erentiable on (a, b). Thenx (a, b) such thatf?(x)· (g(b)g(a)) =
g?(x)(f(b) f(a)).
Note: another way to think about this is that ifg?(x)?= 0, then
f?(x)
g?(x)=f(b) f(a)
g(b) g(a)

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