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Why Mendele sweat pea plant in there experiments?and write the defination of 1)hearidity 2)variation 3)gene 4)factors 5)inbreeding?

Why Mendele sweat pea plant in there experiments?and write the defination of 1)hearidity 2)variation 3)gene 4)factors 5)inbreeding?

Grade:12

2 Answers

Arun
25763 Points
3 years ago
Please ask one question in one thread.
 

The advantages of using pea (Pisum sativum) for experimental breeding work are:

  1. Easy to grow in a range of climates
  2. Relatively fast generation time
  3. Variable in easily scored traits (flower colour, hairs, pod morphology)
  4. Easy to control pollination and hand-pollinate
  5. Self-fertile, so that through inbreeding, lines can be developed that are genetically homogenous for particular traits
Simran Vinaik
askIITians Faculty 1231 Points
3 years ago
We can explain the terms in the following way
1) Heredity:Heredityis the process by which characteristics are passed on from parents to their children.
2) Variation: This refers to differences among organisms of the same species due to the differences in the genes they inherit and the environment they survive in.
3) Gene: It is a segment of DNA which encodes a protein responsible for a pheotype or a character. These are the units of inheritance- meaning they are passed on from parents to offsprings.
4) Factors:: Gregor Johann Mendel had called genes as factors.
5) Inbreeding: Itis the mating of individuals or organisms that are genetically closely related, resulting in increased homozygosity and consequently an increase in the occurrence of recessive traits.

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