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Which of the following is the action of insulin? A Blood glucose level increases by hydrolysing glycogen in liver B Decreases blood sugar level by forming glycogen C Increases blood glucose level by stimulating glucagon production D Increases blood glucose level by promoting cellular uptake of glucose

Which of the following is the action of insulin?

A

Blood glucose level increases by hydrolysing glycogen in liver

B

Decreases blood sugar level by forming glycogen

C

Increases blood glucose level by stimulating glucagon production

D

Increases blood glucose level by promoting cellular uptake of glucose

 
 
 

Grade:12

1 Answers

Mayank Ranka
askIITians Faculty 214 Points
9 months ago

 

Insulin is secreted from the β-cells of islets of Langerhans of pancreas. Insulin acts on hepatocytes and adipocytes and increases the uptake of cellular glucose and its utilisation. This results in rapid movement of glucose from blood to hepatocytes and adipocytes and leads to decreased glucose levels in blood. This condition is known as hypoglycaemia. Insulin also stimulates conversion of glucose to glycogen in target cells and this process of formation of glycogen is called glycogenesis.
So, the correct answer is 'Decreases blood glucose levels by forming glycogen'.

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